It's one of the many computer technology subfields involved in the creation and advancement of robots. Humans in hazardous situations or production processes where they are at risk are covered by the automation of the equipment. They work efficiently and have habits and looks that are comparable to those of humans. Robotics, which employs artificial intelligence, is frequently utilized in businesses to carry out very precise tasks. The study discusses a number of robotics-related benefits and drawbacks.

Background Details

Robotics has a long history that began in the 20th century. Through his play, which was based on the idea of robotics, Czech dramatist Karl Capek defined the term "robot" in the year 1921. Furthermore, 1950's fiction by author Isaac Asimov established the term "robotics" in its pages. There are a number of robotics regulations that say it is forbidden to harm humans. Additionally, the robot must follow human orders unless there is a conflict between those commands and the first law. Last but not least, it must defend its existence as long as doing so does not violate the first or second law (Siciliano & Khatib, 2023).

Robotic Types

Rolling, walking, stationary, autonomous, remote-controlled, mobile, and virtual robots are just a few examples of the many different types of robots. Mobile robots are used to search regions that humans can't access, or when doing so would put humans at risk. The mass explorer, which is intended to explore the surface of Mars, is an excellent example. Rolling robots are used to search the environment and may move about on wheels. Compared to other locations, the flat areas are where they do their best work. They are made to accommodate the needs of the terrain and the state of the locations where they are used. They have six legs or more, which helps them maintain balance. They can still maintain their balance when lifting one or more legs. The immobile robots are employed to carry out duties without moving even a millimeter. Robots are ideal for repeated activities since they never get weary and will carry out their duties day and night without complaining in accordance with their programming.

The autonomous robots are intelligent and can carry out duties. They use software that gives them the ability to choose their course of action based on their surroundings. Robots also have a propensity to adjust to new situations. To keep the robots moving, designers gave them the capacity to walk. The brainpower and memory of robots are inferior to those of humans. Their IQ is also inferior to that of humans.

Even when others are nearby, difficult and risky tasks may be completed. Virtual robots are computer programs that replicate actual robots or carry out monotonous tasks. There are innumerable robots on the internet. Numerous robots crawl the internet from one website to another. They collect data and send it to the online resource. People who enjoy robots as hobbies may choose a BEAM robot (Kuttan, 2023).

Advantages of robotics 

The use of robots has both benefits and drawbacks. The output has increased. Unlike human labor, when breaks and vacations are necessary, they can operate continuously without stopping. As a result, output levels rise in addition to revenues. They also engage in monotonous, repetitive tasks. The likelihood of accidents occurring in the production state tends to rise when the duties are boring. Boredom in the workplace has been abolished through the use of robots. Additionally, robots protect the wellbeing and safety of employees. Since the robots are well-programmed, they can operate in any environment and tackle more hazardous tasks. As a result, both expenditures and worker health and safety are safeguarded.

In contrast, the quality of products produced by robots is far superior to that of humans. Tasks are completed methodically to guarantee the creation of high-quality products, and with time, the firm gains value. However, large-object lifting and transportation may also be done by robots. They work effectively in places where people lack the strength to carry out such chores. For instance, they can be employed in factories to produce goods or move resources from one location to another (Bekey, 2008). Any unfavorable times when people need to relax or when the weather is bad for people are when the machines carry out their job. Surgery is also aided by robotics. They are helpful in carrying out time-consuming microsurgical treatments. A robot's arm serves as the holder for the surgical instruments, while the surgeon directs them at all times to improve safety. Additionally, the expenses associated with hiring more workers to do different jobs have decreased. Many of the duties that so many employees can undertake can be done by robots. It is necessary to promote the employment of robots to address packaging issues in industries where packaging is not automated. (2023) Siciliano and Khatib.

They are useful when doing labor-intensive microsurgical procedures. To increase safety, a robot's arm holds the surgical tools while the surgeon controls them at all times. Additionally, the costs of employing additional people to do various tasks are reduced. Many of the tasks that so many workers are capable of performing can be completed by robots. In industries where packaging is not automated, it is vital to encourage the use of robots to handle packaging difficulties. Siciliano and Khatib (2023)